By Kata we mean an individual style exercise with a series of fixed movements, carried out against 4 until 8 imaginary opponents, attacking from different directions. There are more than 60 Kata in current Karate. They form, as it were, the 'encyclopedia'’ van Karate, because all techniques are in it. They consist mainly of punch- and kicking techniques, movements and body twists. The Kata have a fixed shape, they follow a certain ground pattern and usually have a symbolism (e.g. "storm the fortress", 'the half Moon', "the rider on horseback", "the flight of the swallow", "the crane", "hands in the clouds", "ten hands", ’24 directions’). The term Bunkai is used when men (parts of) the Kata runs with one or more actual opponents.
Walking and practicing Kata is important for the basic formation of karate. However, the Kata that are learned differ per karate style. For example, other Kata occur with Genseiryu as, for example, with Shotokan or Wado Ryu. Binnen Genseiryu Karatedo Nederland worden o.a. learned the Kata below.
The Kata most specific to Genseiryu are: Ten-i-no, Chi-i-no, Jin-i-no that join together to form the kata Sansai. In the styles derived from Genseiryu, these kata are also trained with whether or not different names and adjustments. A big exception is the Genseiryu Butokukai, this style group trains the Heian from the Shotokan Kata as the basic kata.. Wel kent men de Kata Sansai. Sansai can be called the most specific Genseiryu Kata. In the accompanying text by Shukumine sensei it can be read that the Ten-i-no, Chi-i-no, Jin-i-no belonging to Genseiryu. We train the Kata according to the guidelines that Sensei Shukumine has drawn up in his publication Shin Karatedo Kyohan.
In the Kata descriptions (see the links below) a global schematic representation of the gait pattern is always displayed. It should be clearly stated that this is only a very global representation, as a helper. If the exact position of the feet were always displayed, would the drawing become too complicated to be able to read anything meaningful from it. In any case you should, if you do all the positions perfectly, finish exactly in the same position as where you started the Kata. That position is shown in the drawing with the small feet. So before you start the exercise, look where you are and check your position after finishing the Kata.
The starting position is always Heisoku-dachi. Sometimes this is first transferred to the starting position Heiko-dachi, before the Kata starts (in that case, that foot is moved to Heiko-dachi, who will be moved first in the kata), but sometimes it also starts directly from Heisoku-dachi.
- Gensei Shodan
- Ten-i no Kata
- Chi-i no Kata (Shitei kata KBN)
- Jin-i no Kata
- Naihanchi (sometimes too: Naifanchi)
- Sansai no Kata (Shitei kata KBN)
- Koshokun Sho
- Koshokun Dai
- Bassai Sho
- Bassai Dai
- Tai-i no Kata
- To-i no Kata
Shitei kata are 'mandatory kata'. The KBN has designated two kata for Genseiryu as Shitei kata: Chi-i no kata en Sansai.